Government of the Khanid Kingdom
All this data is potentially out of date, and should be taken with a truckload of salt
Template:Fiction The Khanid Kingdom is an absolute<ref name=signs>Chronicle: Signs of Faith: http://community.eveonline.com/backstory/chronicles/signs-of-faith/</ref> monarchy in which the sovereign exercises ultimate governing authority as head of state and head of government. Where the authority of the sovereign is legitimize through a social contract with his subjects. Therefore it is often seen as enlightened absolutism, as the Kingdom ensures legal certainty, freedom of education and sciences, and private property rights.
- 1 History
- 2 Khanid King
- 3 Royal Family
- 4 Holders
- 5 Royal Offices
- 6 Services
- 7 Independent agencies of the Khanid Kingdom government
- 8 See Also
- 9 References
The Khanid Family was an ancient True Amarr royal house. Once one of the five heir families, until a Khanidites Heir rebelled following the election of Heideran VII as Emperor and founded the Kingdom 23041 AD. Traditionally, the Family ruled over the domains settled by the Khanid people. The Family took its name from the bloodline, a move that has won them the continued loyalty of the Khanid people for thousands of years.
With the coronation Garkeh Khanid finally founded the Khanid Kingdom; he took the name Khanid II (posthumously naming his father Khanid I).<ref name=name>Khanid Family: Rebellion: http://wiki.eveonline.com/en/wiki/Khanid_Family#Rebellion.5B1.5D</ref> Soon after Khanid was crowned as King Dakos rebelled against him and the infant Kingdom witnessed its first civil war. At first Dakos took an oath of loyalty to King Khanid, but acted behind the scenes to find other dissenters. After a year, however, Dakos had managed to amass enough support to launch a counter-rebellion.<ref name=support>Dakos Khanid: Khanid Rebelllion: http://wiki.eveonline.com/en/wiki/Dakos_Khanid#Khanid_Rebellion.5B1.5D</ref> The struggle raged for a few months, in that time the Amarr Empire had joined the fray, naturally casting their support for Dakos. For some weeks the survival of the Khanid Kingdom hung in the balance, but when Khanid managed through a agent — Luxian Khanid — to have his brother assassinated, the opposition fizzled to nothing. Khanid lost some of the isolated regions of the kingdom, but the core of it remained intact.<ref name=kingdom/>
During the creation and the subsequential struggle for survival — the Dakos Rebellion and the time of open warfare — Khanid II hadn't in few cases the resources to enforce power through state institutions or even the institutions themselves, but this changed quickly.<ref>NPC Corporations Description: Khanid Works: http://wiki.eveonline.com/en/wiki/Khanid_Works</ref> During and after the war the Kingdom's semi-feudal government carried out a relatively smooth economic and political revolution from above that pushed them along the way towards becoming a important industrial and political power.
The King of the Khanid Kingdom is the sovereign of the independent Khanid Kingdom. He is the head of state, head of government, head of the chruch, the head of the Khanid Family, and the cabinet. Those titles held by the King can't be easily separated, they are intricately linked. The King leads all branches of the government and is during the state of war the commander-in-chief of the Royal Armed Forces.
The Khanid Kingdom in many ways resembles the Amarr Empire. The governmental structure and administration are all but identical, the only difference being the lack of checks-and-balances that many entrenched institutions and local barons exercise within the Empire. Just as for the Amarr Emperor Khanid II is in name undisputed ruler of his realm, but in practice a number of powerful magnates share or dilute the power. In the Empire's case it’s the Heirs that compete with the Emperor for power, in the Kingdom's case it's the members of the minor families that supported Khanid during his rift with the Empire.<ref name=kingdom/>
The shadow of the Khanid Family is vast. Some of the main regional businesses are controlled by the Kingdom and run by members of the Khanid family. Some family members have grown fat acting as intermediaries for Amarr traders and outsiders.<ref name=kingdom/> Next to those economic ties exist also a royal wedding policy, which helps to establish or to stabilise connections with other dynasties.
Holders in the Khanid Kingdom are in many ways identical to their Empire counterparts. They retain many of the same governing and slave-owning functions. However, there are several main differences that set them apart. The largest difference is the relative power of the Kingdom Holders. While in the Empire, all Holders are subservient to an Heir, in the Kingdom they must answer solely to the King. Khanid II has proven to be a somewhat hands-off ruler, allowing his Holders to rule in what manner they see fit. Additionally, there is no Theology Council or centralized religious authority in the Kingdom aside from the sovereign, so the Holders assume many of the duties undertaken by the priesthood in the Empire. In many ways, Kingdom Holders resemble the Holders of the pre-Moral Reforms Empire.<ref name=HHitKK/>
Other Holders assume duties as 'Nobles of the State', and as such they occupy a broad range of extensive executive power. As 'social role holders' — arraks, judges, tax collectors, commissioners, military officers, and so on — they are the strong backbone of the government and society.
In the Empire the Holders typically have great freedoms in enacting laws within their domains. The laws must not go against any Imperial or heir-mandated law, nor can it violate Scripture, but they are otherwise free to impose whatever conditions they wish on their vassals and the commoners.<ref>Government of the Amarr Empire. Holders. Legislative: http://wiki.eveonline.com/en/wiki/Government_of_the_Amarr_Empire#Legislative_3</ref> In the Kingdom the Holders have no rights to enacting laws.towards other citizens (with the exception of house laws). What they can do is enacting laws in whatever conditions they wish on their slaves, but it must not go against any royal guidelines, nor can it violate Scripture; but Khanid II has proven to be a somewhat hands-off ruler, allowing his Holders to rule in what manner they see fit.<ref name=HHitKK/> Additionally should be noted, that the Kingdom is somewhat more liberal with slave ownership, openly allowing non-nobles to own slaves should they be capable of affording them.<ref>Slavery. Khanid Kingdom. Mechanisms. Holders and Slavers: http://wiki.eveonline.com/en/wiki/Slavery#Holders_and_Slavers</ref> But those non-nobles have no legislative power to enact further laws to the royal guidelines.
In their judicial powers are the Khanid Holders totally different to their amarrian brethren. They neither hold public court, they don't hear the grievances of other Holders or moderate intra-Holder disputes; nor they hear petitions from businessmen, merchants, and aggrieved commoners. The latter because of the social contract, where every Holder and each commoner is in contract with the sovereign. Which means, that their juridical authority is limited to their subjects, with other words their slaves. Nevertheless the Holder-caste are the main and almost only social group which holds public office as judge or other higher judicial offices inside the royal court system. With other words they exercise judicial power only as 'Nobles of the State'.
In the Empire the imperial officies are appointed directly by the emperor and answer only to him, they also enjoy broad and wide-range of powers.<ref name=GotAEIO>Government of the Amarr Empire. Imperial Offices: http://wiki.eveonline.com/en/wiki/Government_of_the_Amarr_Empire#Imperial_Offices</ref> Those institutions exist to some extant In the Kingdom as well; those offices are call royal offices or more commonly known as cabinet; and their office holder are titled: Arrak. Those Arraks are appointed directly by the King; they answer only to him, and they as well hold a broad and wide-rang of powers. Departmentalization is a core principal in their work. First: The Arraks are free to carry out their duties independently within the boundaries set by the King's political directives and laws. Which means, a Arrak carries out his duties under his own responsibility, but in the boundaries set by the sovereign (top-borders). Secondly: He can act freely as long he stands in the realm of his boundaries and doesn't interferes with duties of another Arrak. Which also means he is indirectly restraint by his fellow brethrens (side-borders). The current Arraks are:
- Arrak for Finance
- Arrak for Law
- Arrak of Foreign Affairs
- Arrak of Home Affairs
- Arrak of the Royal Armed Service
The Services are for the Kingdom, what the ministries are for the Empire or the federal administration for the Federation are: A specialized institution responsible for a sector of government, that have been given autonomy to perform an operational function. Those services are led by a member of the cabinet and deal with state matters that require direct political oversight. The member of the cabinet heading the service is known as the 'Arrak', who is supported by a junior Arrak known as 'the magnate of the castes in the name the sovereign'. The phrase is intended to illustrate; that the magnates, the junior Arrak may oppose (in the name of the castes) the policies of the incumbent government, while maintaining deference to the higher authority of the state and the larger framework within which Kingdom operates. The services are lead accordingly to the principle of departmentalization, the Arraks are free to carry out their duties independently within the boundaries set by the King's political directives. Which means, he carries out his duties under his own responsibility.
The term 'Service' was born from the lower officies, which already existed prior to Khanid's rebellion. Those services got restructure and beef up during the Dakos rebellion, as well as during the time of the open warfare to mirror the imperial ministries. Because of those wars — those struggles for survival — the Kingdom hadn't the resources or time to build proper copies. So that only the five main services are to some degree thoroughly copies of imperial ministries: The Finance Service, Foreign Service, Home Service, Law Service and Royal Armed Service. Fundamentally, they are built and arranged in a more limited and militaristic way, which are characterized by their minimalistic resources (labour, capital, etc). This powerlessness (the quality of lacking strength or power; being weak and feeble) are a major drawback to enforce power for those services. Which means in practice, that often a civil servant comes from the local Holder caste, as they can compensate this powerlessness through their private executive powers and auctoritas<ref>Auctoritas can best be describe as "dignity", "view", "influence", or "prestige" of a person.</ref>, which comes with their title and noble status. As this (private) status allows many Holders to rule in what manner they see fit.<ref name=HHitKK>Holders. Holders in the Khanid Kingdom: http://wiki.eveonline.com/en/wiki/Holders#Holders_in_the_Khanid_Kingdom</ref>
Nevertheless the Khanid Kingdom in many ways resembles the Amarr Empire. The governmental structure and administration are all but identical, the only difference being the lack of checks-and-balances that many entrenched institutions and local barons exercise within the Empire.<ref name=kingdom>Chronicle: The Khanid Kingdom: http://community.eveonline.com/backstory/chronicles/the-khanid-kingdom/</ref>
The Finance Service essential for the government finances, economic policy and financial regulation. It is also principal economic advisor to the King. The monetary policy on the other hand is the responsibility of an independent central bank: The Royal Finances. While the Finance Service is responsible for collecting general taxation from the citizens, their weak presence, particular in very remote areas, makes this sometimes an unreliable source of income; resulting in a more mercantilistic collecting system for those problem areas, where the Kingdom doesnt pick up all the taxes. For this purpose the Finance Service has subdivide the planets and markets into financial zones — so called Kara — in which private citizens (tax collectors, which are mostly Holders) lease for a certain time the right to take the tax revenues in a financial zone. Those rights must be auctioned in advance and the winner, the tax collectors, must pay in advance. Which means, that the Finance Service gets a fast and relatively risk free enjoyment of financial resources, but the price is that the tax revenue are mostly lower (by no overbidding), as well as that throught a certain lack of control the possibility of abuse exist.
The Forgeign Service is a ministry, lead by a Arrak, who helps to form the foreign policy of the Kingdom. The Arrak of Foreign Affairs is also traditionally responsible for many diplomatic duties, such as hosting foreign world leaders and going on state visits to other countries. He sometimes fulfills royal duties as the Kings proxy on the Privy Council.<ref>News: Khanid Kingdom granted Privy Council seat: http://community.eveonline.com/news/news-channels/world-news/khanid-kingdom-granted-privy-council-seat/</ref>
The Diplomatic Service is part of the Foreign Service of the Kingdom; it consists of diplomats and foreign policy officers which are communicating with the governments of other countries.
The Intelligence Service is the foreign and domestic intelligence agency of the Kingdom. The IS acts as an early warning system to alert the Khanid government to threats to royal interests from the inside and abroad. It depends heavily on technology like electronic surveillance, transcranial microcontrollers, mind-control and memory-changes.<ref name=novel>Gonzales, Tony (2012): EVE: Templar One</ref> Its members generally operate in plainclothes, no uniform is known, occasionally members wear uniforms of other services. Even small in its size, the Intelligence Service is a full-fledged information and espionage bureau.
The Home Service is the bureaucratic arm of the kingdoms government, but isn't a bureaucratic juggernaut as the ΛCS or the Federal Administration. The responsibilities are supervision of local governments, policing (operative attached), public administration and works in the civilian sphere to protect the castes within. The Home Service also gives incursion warnings.
The Law Service can be describe as a justice ministry, even if it doesn't fit under close scrutiny. Like in other states with similar institutions, for example in the Federation: It guarantees judicial independence, which is why the Law Service may issue directions in matters, or checks court decisions; as well as it ensures, that legal infrastructure is clear, efficacious and transparent. But not out of selflessness, or to guarantee the rule of law (which responsibility of the Prime Court, as representative of the King), or to ensure a divine goal; it tries to lower the transaction costs.<ref>Transaction costs are: The search costs (the costs of locating information about opportunities for exchange), negotiation costs (costs of negotiating the terms of the exchange), enforcement costs (costs of enforcing the contract). The latter gets reduced through legal certainty.</ref> The preamble of the Law Service states:
- The goal of the judicial system is to provide a sound and progressive legal infrastructure and coercive enforcement for individual and business actors, to minimise unstable or adverse behaviour which could lead to high transaction cost, and to optimise resources, to support national goals and growth. To guarantee those goals has the Kingdom the following constraints upon behavior, including behavior of government officials. Therefore it embraces the legalism.
Royal Armed Service
The Royal Armed Service — or often called Khanid Armed Forces — are the military forces of the Khanid Kingdom. They consist of the Royal Khanid Navy, Royal Khanid Army, Operative Service and Royal Guard. Owner of the instructional and command authority is at peace the Arrak of the Royal Armed Service. After declaration of state of defence, this function goes to the King. The Khanid Family has since Damius III and before a strong military tradition, which means in practice that all military services are owned by the Family, but overseen by the RAS. Another notable difference to other royal services is, that it has a second junior Arrak, which also is the Grand Admiral of the RKN.
Royal Khanid Armyhttp://community.eveonline.com/news/news-channels/eve-online-news/blood-raiders-strike-at-the-khanid-empire/</ref> in the broadest sense the RKA is a planetary-based military branch. The RKA has a one-year military conscription, the system of near-universal national conscription for young men and women dates to the Dakos rebellion.
The Royal Khanid Navy consists of ships designed by the Dark Amarrians themselves, with a bit of help from the Caldari, which the Kingdom has always held good relations with. The RKN is not big, but much more hi-tech than that of their cousins the Amarrians.<ref>NPC Corporation Description: Royal Khanid Navy: http://wiki.eveonline.com/en/wiki/Royal_Khanid_Navy</ref>
In the Kingdom, the Operative Service is a branch of the Khanid Armed Forces, in charge of public safety, with police duties among the civilian population. It also contains a military police force and a special forces component. While administratively a part of the Khanid armed forces, and therefore under the purview of the Royal Armed Service, the Police — Operative Service — is operationally attached to the Home Service for its operations within the Kingdom, and criminal investigations are run under the supervision of prosecutors or investigating magistrates, dependent on the involve caste. Its members generally operate in uniform, and, only occasionally, in plainclothes. Operative Service is the main agency tasked with maintaining civil law and order in the Kingdom. Formerly known as the Police Tactical Unit of the Khanid Family, it has grown since 23041 AD from a small organisation to a strong force with a giant footprint.
Independent agencies of the Khanid Kingdom government
Independent agencies of the Khanid Kingdom government are those agencies that exist outside of the royal executive departments (those headed by a cabinet Arrak). More specifically, they are independent but overseen by the sovereign. Their legitimacy comes from the sovereign, as well as their restricted power to exercise monopolies (justice, monetary policy) is derived from it.
The Prime Court — with his lower courts, as well as local courts and military tribunals — is a independent governmental institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the legalistic principles. The Prime Court itself is the highest court within the hierarchy and comparable to the supreme court of other states in New Eden.
The Royal Finances is the central bank of the Khanid Kingdom and as such not part of the FS — Finance Service. The central bank has be given full independence, and is greatly respected for its control of inflation. It manages the state's currency, money supply, and interest rates. But lately its monetary policy came under critique.
- Amarr Empire
- Factions and Coalitions
- Government of the Amarr Empire
- Government of the Gallente Federation
- Khanid II
- Khanid Family
- Chronicle: Amarr Succession
- Chronicle: Khanid Kingdom
- Chronicle: Signs of Faith